Gender diversity in Congress
Gender diversity in Congress 
Racial diversity in Congress
Racial diversity in Congress




Footnotes:

African-Americans
Note: The data do not include nonvoting delegates or commissioners. Figures represent the makeup
of Congress on the first day of the session.
a. After the 56th Congress, there were no African American members in either the House or
Senate until the 71st Congress.
b. Roland Burris was not seated on the first day of the 111th session.
c. Tim Scott, who was appointed on December 17th to replace outgoing Senator Jim DeMint is
included in the Senate totals.
Source: Black Americans in Congress, 1870-1977, H. Doc. 95-258, 95th Cong., 1st sess., 1977;
Congressional Quarterly Almanac (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, various editions);
Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, various issues; Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives,
http://clerk.house.gov; “Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile," Congressional Research Service
Asian
Note: The data do not include nonvoting delegates or commissioners. Figures represent the makeup
of Congress on the first day of the session.
Source: "Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress;"
“Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile", Congressional Research Service
Hispanic
Note: The data do not include nonvoting delegates or commissioners. Figures represent the makeup
of Congress on the first day of the session.
Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774-1989; Congressional Quarterly
Almanac (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, various editions); Congressional Quarterly
Weekly Report, various issues; Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, http://clerk.house.gov;
http://www.senate.gov/galleries/daily/minority.htm; “Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile",
Congressional Research Service
Woman
Note: The data include only women who were sworn in as members and served more than one day.
Figures represent the makeup of Congress on the first day of the session.
Source: Women in Congress, H. Rept. 94-1732, 94th Cong., 2nd sess., 1976; Congressional Quarterly
Almanac (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, various editions); Congressional Quarterly
Weekly Report, various issues; Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, http://clerk.house.gov;
US Senate, http://www.senate.gov.;  “Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile", Congressional
Research Service

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